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EMC Arquitectura-山水間的景觀教堂 Cardedeu

欣傳媒/ 2015.06.11 00:00
蘇琨峰

座落在薩爾瓦多Coatepeque湖畔的山坡上,Cardedeu教堂的設計尋求著開放空間最大化的可能性,以便在這獨特的環境中能納入四周如詩如畫的景色。在事務所EMC Arquitectura的構想中,建築物需和四周平原與山坡地景有著最適合的呼應性,以及與Coatepeque湖保持著持續性的關係。在提供一個簡潔建築空間的前題下,Cardedeu教堂不僅是一座教堂,也具備了餐廳、酒店與容納各種活動的多樣性空間。

事務所特地以一種非正式的網狀概念設計來突顯Cardedeu教堂的特色、創造出可容納各種不同活動的空間,以及欣賞Coatepeque湖時的各種不同角度。在教堂的入口處,事務所特地以空間的規劃限制了遊客可欣賞景觀的角度,將注意力集中於教堂本身;而在進入教堂後不僅可一覽教堂的設計,同時也有著更廣闊的景觀視野。

迴繞在各量體之間的小徑時時帶給遊客不同的視野角度,或窄或寬,或明或暗。正也是事務所刻意製造出的一系列在建築物與自然環境間不同的呼應關係,以及室內外空間無區隔的感受。

當地材料的使用,像是來自附近林場的木材及礦場的石材等等,也讓教堂與當地環境更具連結性;而混凝土及鋼材等外來建材的使用則讓教堂有著塑造結構外型的便利,並創造出教堂如同飄浮在樹林及湖上的意境。 

事務所預期將教堂設定為當地的地標建築,並創造出一種以單一材料及簡單空間感的量體來襯托出山脈與湖泊。教堂的外型看似一個被擠壓成二邊無遮蓋的開放式盒狀物,而混凝土材質的使用讓教堂在山林湖旁顯得更具特色。由內往外看時,禮拜區簡潔的長椅及聖壇設計如同飄浮在湖面上,再次創造出一種無邊無際之感。

對於Cardedeu教堂事務所有著有趣的說法。在結構上教堂是由混凝土構建而成,就像個簡單無支撐點的造型,除了一處由鋼條所形成的長樑支撐點外,但其實它應該被認定為是一個「十字架」。

【延伸閱讀】

EMC Arquitectura 事務所

http://www.emcarquitectura.com/

更多建築旅遊資訊,請上【建築行腳】專輯

http://www.xinmedia.com/n/featurestory_list.aspx?collectionid=111

更多國外建築脈動請上【國際脈動】

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/news/International

編譯/蘇琨峰 圖文/EMC Arquitectura 

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Profile

蘇琨峰/Andre

一隻喜愛新事物也對舊事物固執的牡羊。台北工專土木工程科、雲林科技大學營建工程結構組畢業,工作後決定離職前往澳洲再度充實自己並一圓留學夢,畢業於墨爾本大學經濟與商業研究所,主修商業與資訊管理。喜歡看建築、旅行探險、攝影、網球、及爵士樂團薩克斯風手。目前為《欣建築/國際脈動》編譯、文字記者、辦理欣建築相關活動及國際領隊。

Cardedeu/EMC Arquitectura

Nestled in the mountains surrounding Lake Coatepeque in El Salvador, “Cardedeu” is a place for events that aims to maximize the chances of an open space in such a privileged place with spectacular views. We complement it with a chapel, a restaurant, a hotel and various support spaces.

The design was developed respecting a combination of plains and slopes in the site, and the constant relationship to the lake. We arrived at a simple architecture that provides space for versatile experiences.

We created an informal reticular pattern with the intention of revealing the project slowly, to use options for use and to generate varied perspectives to the lake. In the access we limit the user’s view to the lake, suggesting only a small portion of the environment and thus setting an intention that permeates the entire project. This invites the user to explore the entire project and the same time the environment.

Circulation between the volumes composing the project is specifically fragmented with the purpose of limiting or enhancing user views along the route. So, we generated a series of different relationships between the built and the natural, dissolving in some cases the limit of the interior and exterior.

The use of local materials (wood from a nearby farm and stones from the local quarry) tied the project to the materiality of the area. At the same time the introduction of foreign materials such as concrete and steel allow us to create structures that project over the ground and generate sensations of floating between trees or even flying over the lake.

The chapel is intended as a landscape scene and is handled like an austere space with a single material, to highlight the lake and mountains. It is like a box of extruded concrete where two covers are removed without offering any closure to the ground. This leaves permanent cross ventilation. The handling of concrete is unpretentious and the only existing furniture, besides the pews, is a simple altar that appears to float on a reflecting pool, which in turn creates an endless effect with the lake.

Structurally it was raised with concrete frames, except for a point where a metal support shortens the longest stretch of beams, which is not perceived because it is ”the cross”.

【More Information】

EMC Arquitectura

http://www.emcarquitectura.com/

More architecture tour information, here you go【Architecture Footprint】

http://www.xinmedia.com/n/featurestory_list.aspx?collectionid=111

More architecture works abroad, here you go 【International】

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/news/International

Photos/EMC Arquitectura

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Andre Profile

A male Aries, loves learning new things and being nostalgic to old things. Academic background: Bachelor of Construction Engineering Department at National YunTech University, Taiwan and Diploma of Graduate School of Business and Economics at University of Melbourne. With character of a little introvert, addicting to architecture, photography, tennis, Jazz music and saxophone and being the translator of Xin Architecture/ International, reporter, holder of activities and international tour leader.

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