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ACXT IDOM-聖馬梅斯體育場 重啓足球魂

欣傳媒/ 2015.04.16 00:00
蘇琨峰

位於西班牙畢爾包地區的新聖馬梅斯體育場(SAN MAMES STADIUM)原本為畢爾包運動俱樂部,已有百年歷史並被稱為是「足球大教堂 The Cathedral of Football」的舊體育場。

當初為了避免球員移至另一過遠的場所訓練,因此新的聖馬梅斯體育場特地分成二階段改建,並仍舊位於原舊體育場的位址。對於設計團隊ACXT-IDOM而言,興建新聖馬梅斯體育場其中一項挑戰為如何保持住原有瘋足球的氛圍及強度,並能更加地吸引更多熱愛足球的球迷們。

位於畢爾包都會區邊緣的新聖馬梅斯體育場,不但已成為了當地的建築地標,事務所在設計時更是尊重與周遭建築物的融合感,讓體育場順利地融入成為都會建築的一部份,而不光只是另一座體育設施而已。

將傳統價值逐漸消失的體育場變得更有價值亦是改建的目的之一。像是體育場周圍、看台後方及四周的進出口處皆是主要改造的重點,在興建中除了空間的重新設計外,與城市及四周景觀也需有強烈的連結性。為達成這個目的,事務所決定從舊體育場的外立面開始從手,使用ETFE薄膜材質並以彎曲造型塑造出全新的外立面,這種材質加上燈光效果使得體育場在夜晚時也有著閃亮的外觀,創造出令人印象深刻的地標。體育場屋頂同樣覆蓋著ETFE薄膜的放射狀金屬桁架則提供看台區遮陽的效果。

新聖馬梅斯體育場除了能容納53,000位觀眾外,同時也規劃了不少的服務設施,像是VIP包廂、高價座位區、休憩與會議室、餐廳、咖啡吧、俱樂部博物館、辦公區,以及位於看台區下方的公共運動中心。

ACXT-IDOM 事務所

世界排名52,西班牙當地規模為最大的建築事務所ACXT-IDOM,其建築哲學為與夥伴們協力創造出高品質建築作品,在技術與文化上達到建築的最佳成果。ACXT-IDOM實至今日仍尊重傳統建築上的價值、特色建築、尊重建築師的創作理念及社會責任。

【延伸閱讀】

ACXT-IDOM 事務所

http://www.idom.com/en/architecture/acxt/

ACXT IDOM-秘密基地般的實驗 Arteche 高電壓測試中心

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/20445-ACXTIDOM

ACXT IDOM-BTEK科技展示中心 自給自足的三角量體

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/20437-ACXTIDOM

ACXT IDOM-112緊急應變大樓 綠能與整合的最佳典範

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/20346-ACXTIDOM

更多建築旅遊資訊,請上【建築行腳】專輯

http://www.xinmedia.com/n/featurestory_list.aspx?collectionid=111

更多國外建築脈動請上【國際脈動】

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/news/International

編譯/蘇琨峰 圖文/ACXT-IDOM  

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Profile

蘇琨峰/Andre

一隻喜愛新事物也對舊事物固執的牡羊。台北工專土木工程科、雲林科技大學營建工程結構組畢業,工作後決定離職前往澳洲再度充實自己並一圓留學夢,畢業於墨爾本大學經濟與商業研究所,主修商業與資訊管理。喜歡看建築、旅行探索、研究攝影、愛打網球、沉溺爵士樂當了爵士樂團薩克斯風手。目前為《欣建築/國際脈動》編譯、文字記者、辦理欣建築相關活動及國際領隊。

SAN MAMES STADIUM/ACXT-IDOM

Athletic Club of Bilbao is one of the big clubs in European football and its previous stadium, over a hundred years old, was one of the legendary ones, popularly referred to as the cathedral of football.

Located practically in the same place as the existing one, the new stadium overlaps with the old San Mames. This fact forced its construction to be carried out in two phases in such a way that it prevented the team from having to play away.

One of the main challenges in the design of the New San Mames was maintaining the intense and magical football atmosphere of the old Cathedral. This effect has not only been sustained but increased, thoroughly satisfying the demands of one of the best fan bases in the world.

The location of the new stadium, at the end of the urban mesh of the expansion district of Bilbao, peeping over the estuary with privilege, turns the building into a piece of architecture that must be introduced categorically and with force, but at the same time, respecting the rest of the buildings that make up that area of the city. From this reflection comes one of the first aspects borne in mind for its design. That is, the perception of the erected construction as an urban building, in relation to the others and not just as simple sports facilities.

It was intended for those stadium areas that are traditionally worthless to become valuable. These are located between the stadium’s perimeter and the rear part of the stands and constitute the circulation areas through which you can access and exit the stands, which are, after all, the main part of the whole football stadium. In order to give these areas an added value, the strategy of the project consisted of, not only giving them spatial features, but also making sure that they had a very intense connection with the city and the surroundings. For this purpose, a basic element that will surely give character to the New San Mames stadium is put into play on the façade. This is, the repetition of a twisted ETFE element, giving the elevation energy and unity. This element will be illuminated at night, thus creating an urban landmark over the estuary, projecting a new image of Bilbao from within, thanks to one of the most advanced dynamic lighting systems in the world. The roof, formed by powerful radial metal trusses orientated towards the centre of the pitch, is covered with white ETFE cushions, covering the entire stands. The set-up of the stands is totally focused on the field, maximizing the pressure that the fans exert on the game, just like in the old San Mames, known the world over for being like a pressure cooker where the public would be on top of the players.

The stadium has ample hospitality areas, with VIP boxes, premium seating and its leisure and meeting areas, restaurants, cafes, the Club’s Museum, the Official Shop and areas for meetings, as well as a sports centre open to the general public under one of its stands. Its capacity will exceed 53,000 spectators.

ACXT-IDOM

ACXT, an architecture services provider, started off as a society of professionals who came together with the aim of offering a quality alternative within the field of architecture, becoming a valid option for the professional development of architects interested in high level architecture. Its philosophy marks the creation of a professional framework of collaboration and avail of its members’ synergies, always from a full understanding of architecture: both technically and culturally.

The philosophy that guides ACXT is based on the respect for traditional values, still in force today, generated during the secular practice of architecture. ACXT is committed to signature architecture, understood in terms of respect for the creative values that architects, with a clear customer orientated practice, have historically contributed throughout the whole intellectual and constructive process. ACXT aims to offer a quality solution to the huge social credit that the practice of architecture implies in its double commercial and cultural dimension.

ACXT-IDOM has become the largest provider of professional services to architecture in Spain and one of the most relevant worldwide. In the January 2015 edition of the BD World Architecture’s Annual Survey, a British publication that gathers the hundred most important architecture firms worldwide, ACXT-IDOM was ranked number 52.

【More Information】

ACXT-IDOM

http://www.idom.com/en/architecture/acxt/

ACXT IDOM-Arteche High Voltage Laboratory

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/20445-ACXTIDOM/2

ACXT-IDOM-BTEK Technology Interpretation Centre

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/20437-ACXTIDOM/2

112 Building/ACXT-IDOM

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/20346-ACXTIDOM/2

More architecture tour information, here you go【Architecture Footprint】

http://www.xinmedia.com/n/featurestory_list.aspx?collectionid=111

More architecture works abroad, here you go 【International】

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/news/International

Text & Photos/ACXT-IDOM

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Andre Profile

A male Aries, loves learning new things and being nostalgic to old things. Academic background: Bachelor of Construction Engineering Department at National YunTech University, Taiwan and Diploma of Graduate School of Business and Economics at University of Melbourne. With character of a little introvert, addicting to architecture, photography, tennis, Jazz music and saxophone and being the translator of Xin Architecture/ International, reporter, holder of activities and international tour leader.

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