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Dushe Architecture Design-白雲亭文化藝術中心 食品商場的銳變

欣傳媒/ 2015.07.30 00:00
蘇琨峰

位於南京白雲亭的新文化藝術中心(Baiyunting Culture and Art Center),為一處舊食品市場改建而成,成為了上海都設建築設計有限公司(Dushe Architecture Design)在繼江陽嘉荷酒店後在當地都市更新計劃與舊建築改造設計領域中的另一成功代表作品,Dushe Architecture Design為舊食品市場規劃了從室內外到景觀的整體化設計,讓這座在1999年落成的舊食品市場如今成為了一處全新的文化藝術中心,並為當地創造出建築上的新面貌。。

拆或不拆

這處曾為白雲亭當地重要的食品市場(亦為南京菜藍子專案中的一處專案),在功能轉換後的考量下,曾變成了專案決策者拆與不拆的難題。最後才在前期策劃的成功下順利地與當地政府達成一致的決定,將舊食品市場以改建方式而非拆除後重建一處新文化藝術中心。

功能轉換

在事務所的規劃下,白雲亭文化藝術中心整合了城市規劃展示館及圖書館、美術館及劇場等空間,並透過對原建築中庭空間的放大和改造創造出一處新的五層樓高中庭空間,以及一個城市規劃展覽館。其中最令人好奇的是事務所將舊建築中原有的貨車運輸坡道改建成了通往圖書館的通道,就如同一處中國諺言「書山有路勤為徑」中的場景一般,也使得這個圖書館被當地媒體譽為「最美的圖書館」。

外觀改造

白雲亭文化藝術中心的外形設計概念來自於近代設計理念及新潮流的藝術手法,同時「白雲亭」的名稱,如同是以白雲遮陽的意象也成為了事務所的設計靈感,意圖打造如「飄浮的白雲」一般具有藝術氛圍的外立面。新的外立面如同是一張摺疊的畫卷被打開的的樣子,或者亦像是一台手風琴,在華燈初上時又宛如是一盞中國傳統的紙燈籠,重新賦予了舊建築嶄新的生命力。

技術上而言,外部的遮陽系統阻擋了西晒及來自西邊的噪音,同時單元模組系統的安裝規劃則滿足了施工時視覺上的要求。東面為圖書館主要的採光面,事務所利用了彩釉玻璃與透明玻璃相間的手法來減少坡道對立面的影響。在北面事務所則設計了垂直綠化植被,提供了北面居民一處綠化的景觀區。

白雲亭文化藝術中心可說是江蘇省內規模最大的公共文化設施,也是第一個新鼓樓區成立後首個完工開放的重點工程。每平方米不到6,000人民幣的造價及9個月的施工期也創下了同類工程的紀錄。這在中國近期面對大量建築改建的規劃下,白雲亭文化藝術中心可說已成為了最佳建築典範。

【延伸閱讀】

Dushe Architectural Design事務所

http://www.shdsd.cn

[Dushe Architectural Design]鱍魚圈保利大劇院 Bayuquan Poly

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/12870-DSD

Dushe Architectural Design-江陽嘉荷精品酒店 Jiahe Boutique

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/12983-BoutiqueHotel

Dushe Architectural Design-鱍魚圈圖書館 Bayuquan library

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/12979-library

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編譯/蘇琨峰 圖/Dushe Architectural Design 

更多國外建築脈動請上【國際脈動】

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/news/International

更多國內外建築脈動及作品介紹請上【欣建築】

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi

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Profile

蘇琨峰/Andre

一隻喜愛新事物也對舊事物固執的牡羊。台北工專土木工程科、雲林科技大學營建工程結構組畢業,工作後決定離職前往澳洲再度充實自己並一圓留學夢,畢業於墨爾本大學經濟與商業研究所,主修商業與資訊管理。喜歡看建築、旅行探險、攝影、網球、及爵士樂團薩克斯風手。目前為《欣建築/國際脈動》編譯、文字記者、辦理欣建築相關活動及國際領隊。

Baiyunting Culture and Art Center/Dushe Architecture Design

Recently, ‘Urban Renovation’, proposed by Shanghai city and Shenzhen City,  become the most popular topic in urban and architectural area, which however, was put into practice by Dushe nearly three years ago. In a latest completed project in Nanjing, Dushe convert a former food market into a cultural center. In this project, Dushe provided integration services including architecture design, interior design and landscape design. Following Jiahe Boutique Hotel, Baiyunting Culture and Art Center has become another representative work of Dushe in the area of urban renovation.

Demolition or not

Baiyunting food market was an important market, one of Food Basket Projects of Nanjing city. After the transformation of its function, it was difficult for policy makers to decide whether or not to demolish it. Eventually, through the prophase research, Dushe and the government of Nanjing reached an agreement to convert the old building into a cultural and art center instead of building a new one.

Replacement of functions

Baiyunting Culture and Art Center successfully combines functions of exhibition hall of city planning,  library,  art gallery and even theater of the local district. By redesigning of the atrium of old building, a new atrium including the exhibition hall of city planning with the height of five-stories was created. The most dramatic part was to convert the old ramp way for cargo logistics trucks to a library, as this new library implicates a Chinese proverb with the meaning of ‘only the diligent will be rewarded by God in their pursuit for knowledge’, by making use of this special form of traffic space. The library was widely reported by the local media and named as ‘the most beautiful library’.

Renovation of facade

The design concept of the surface of Baiyunting Culture and Art Center, stem from the latest design culture and package art -one kind of contemporary avant-garde arts. With the inspiration coming from the name of ‘Baiyunting’, which means ‘Cloud Pavilion’, the architect created a new artistic facade, looking like floating clouds by redesigning the building’s sun shading system. Just like an opening folding paper or a accordion, even a traditional Chinese lantern at evening, the new facade breath new life into the architecture.

Technically, exterior sun-shading system blocks noise and sunlight from the west. At the same time, to meet the re quirements of rapid construction, unit module installation was put into practice to control the visual effect. By using a combination of enamel glass and transparent glass, the architect reduced ramp way’s influence on east facade. Vertical greening was applied in north facade, improving the quality of landscape  for citizens in north residential areas. 

Baiyunting Culture and Art Center is the largest public cultural facility among districts in Jiangsu Province, also the first completed key project after the new Gulou District founded. Less than 6000 yuan of construction costs per square meter and 9 months of construction period, this project set two new records in the same kind of construction. Facing urgent needs of large amount of buildings’ renovation in contemporary China, Baiyunting Culture and Art Center shows the world the direction of future.

【More Information】

Dushe Architectural Design

http://www.shdsd.cn

[Dushe Architectural Design] Bayuquan Poly

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/12870-DSD

Dushe Architectural Design-Jiahe Boutique

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/12983-BoutiqueHotel

Dushe Architectural Design-Bayuquan library

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/12979-library

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Photos/Dushe Architectural Design 

More architecture works abroad, here you go 【International】

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi/news/International

More architecture projets, here you go 【Xin Archi】

http://solomo.xinmedia.com/archi

====================

Andre Profile

A male Aries, loves learning new things and being nostalgic to old things. Academic background: Bachelor of Construction Engineering Department at National YunTech University, Taiwan and Diploma of Graduate School of Business and Economics at University of Melbourne. With character of a little introvert, addicting to architecture, photography, tennis, Jazz music and saxophone and being the translator of Xin Architecture/ International, reporter, holder of activities and international tour leader.

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