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調查報導之春:eBay創辦人投資 創獨立新聞組織

立報/本報訊 2013.10.23 00:00
策劃、編譯■劉耘

繼貝佐斯買下亞馬遜後,eBay創辦人也宣布跨足新聞媒體界。

由於歐米迪亞過去對慈善事業的支持、對社會議題的關注、以及首批招攬來的知名記者如葛林華德,

讓外界紛紛引頸期盼,這位懷抱理想主義富豪的加入,將支持更多記者投身調查報導。

eBay創辦人歐米迪亞16日表示,他將建立一個獨立媒體組織,為主流讀者提供涵蓋體育到政治的新聞,並由多位知名記者領軍,包括前衛報記者葛林華德。

歐米迪亞現年46歲,是出生法國的伊朗裔美國人,目前仍是他所創立的電子交易網站巨擘的董事長。他在部落格上寫道,在《華郵》最後被亞馬遜創辦人貝佐斯搶先買下之前,他也在考慮購買《華郵》,但他最後決定,要自己從頭開始創立一個新聞組織。

「我漸漸產生支持獨立新聞記者的想法,讓他們的報導發揮最大影響力,進而支持公共利益。此外,我也想找到方法,將主流讀者轉變為積極投入公共議題的公民。我想這應該還有很大努力空間,而我迫不及待的想探索任何可能。」

賦予記者追尋真相的自由

「現在,我仍在創辦新大眾媒體組織的極初期階段。我還不清楚這個組織將在何時、如何,以及以何種樣貌呈現。」他寫道。

「我能告訴你們的,只有這次計畫會獨立於我的其他組織,且報導範圍涵蓋綜合新聞,核心任務是支持並賦權獨立記者,好讓他們在各個領域追尋真相;而追尋真相不只是指調查性報導,而是所有新聞皆是如此。」

歐米迪亞在推特上相當活躍的推文顯示,他非常關注葛林華德及美國中情局前雇員史諾登所揭露的政府監聽計畫。

在他的部落格文章中,歐米迪亞提及了自己對於社會中記者所扮演的角色越來越感興趣,並對種種促進政府可信度及透明度的努力表示支持。

與旗下其他組織保持區隔

已不再參與eBay日常營運事務的歐米迪亞強調,這次投資將與他數個在「歐米迪亞網絡」支持下運作的慈善組織、企業和政治利益團體保持區隔。

富比世評估,「歐米迪亞網絡」價值達85億美元(約新台幣2,550億元)。而在他投資的企業中,其中之一是以報導夏威夷公共事務的新聞網站「火奴魯魯公民脈動」。這個網站旨在透過付費訂閱及受敬重的評論串,創造一個新的線上新聞平台運作模式,不過目前仍不確定這個方式的成效如何。

歐米迪亞同時也是「民主基金會」的創辦人。根據網站資訊,這個基金會是要支持「社會企業運作,以確保我們的政治制度對公眾意見有所回應」。

歐米迪亞補充道,葛林華德在以前在《衛報》的同事普瓦特拉絲及斯卡希爾,也會加入他的媒體計畫。

葛林華德15日在部落格表示,歐米迪亞提供給他的是「新聞工作職場中僅有一次的夢幻機會」,他絕對不會拒絕。

《衛報》的發言人林道爾在張貼於葛林華德網站上的一篇聲明中表示:「我們當然對葛林華德離開的決定感到失望,但我們能理解這個提供給他的新職位有相當的吸引力。我們祝他一帆風順。」(路透)

EBay Inc founder Pierre Omidyar on Wednesday said he is building an independent media organization covering news from sports to politics for mainstream readers, spearheaded by big names including ex-Guardian correspondent Glenn Greenwald.

Omidyar, the 46-year-old French-born Iranian-American who remains chairman of the e-commerce giant he founded, wrote in a blog post that he considered buying the Washington Post - which Amazon.com Inc founder Jeff Bezos eventually snapped up (1) - but decided he wanted to build a news organization from the ground up.

"I developed an interest in supporting independent journalists in a way that leverages their work to the greatest extent possible, all in support of the public interest. And, I want to find ways to convert mainstream readers into engaged citizens. I think there's more that can be done in this space, and I'm eager to explore the possibilities."

"Right now, I'm in the very early stages of creating a new mass media organization. I don't yet know how or when it will be rolled out, or what it will look like," he wrote.

“What I can tell you is that the endeavor (2) will be independent of my other organisations, and that it will cover general interest news, with a core mission around supporting and empowering independent journalists across many sectors and beats. The team will build a media platform that elevates and supports these journalists and allows them to pursue the truth in their fields. This doesn’t just mean investigative (3) reporting, but all news.

Omidyar's active Twitter feed suggests he is very concerned about government-spying programs exposed by Greenwald and former U.S. government contractor Edward Snowden. In his blog post, Omidyar spoke of his growing interest in the role that journalism plays in society, and his own support of efforts to promote government accountability and transparency.

Omidyar, who is no longer involved in day-to-day operations at eBay, stressed that his venture would remain separate from his numerous philanthropic (4), business and political interests, run mainly through an entity called the Omidyar Network.

Forbes pegged Omidyar's net worth at $8.5 billion. Among his ventures (5) is Honolulu Civil Beat, a news website covering public affairs in Hawaii. Civil Beat aims to create a new online journalism model with paid subscriptions and respectful comment threads, though it is unclear how successful it has been.

Omidyar also founded the Democracy Fund to support "social entrepreneurs working to ensure that our political system is responsive to the public," according to its website.

Omidyar added that Greenwald's former colleagues, Laura Poitras and Jeremy Scahill, would also join his media project.

Glenn Greenwald wrote in a blog post on Tuesday that he was presented with a "once-in-a-career dream journalistic opportunity" that he could not pass up.

Jennifer Lindauer, a spokeswoman for the Guardian, said in a statement posted on Greenwald's site: "We are of course disappointed by Glenn's decision to move on, but can appreciate the attraction of the new role he has been offered. We wish him all the best."(Reuters)

關鍵字詞

1.snap up(v.)迅速搶購

2.investigative(a.)調查性質的

3.endeavor(n.)努力

4.philanthropic(a.)慈善的

5.venture(n.)大膽的投資

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